Each season FIFA publishes an extensive Laws of the Game lead which describes the rules of soccer. Here is an overview of the 17 laws of the game. Click on the subject headings to read about the laws in greater detail.
Law 1: The Field of Play
Law 2: The Soccer Ball
It must not weigh more than 16 ounces (450 grams) and not less than 14 oz (410 g) at the begin of a match.
The ball must be of a pressure equal to 0.6 1.1 atmosphere (600 1,000 g/cm2) at sea level (8.5 Ibs/sq in 15.6 Ibs/sq in).
Law 3: The Number of Players
Law 4: The Players’ Equipment
The two teams must wear colors that distinguish themselves from the opponent, referee and assistant referees.
Law 5: The Referee
Law 6: The Assistant Referee
Law 7: The Duration of the Match
Law 8: The Start and Restart of Play
– If a goal has been scored
– To begin the second half
– To begin a period of extra-time.
Law 9: The Ball in and out of Play
– Play has been stopped by the referee.
The ball is in play at all other times, including when:
-It rebounds off a goalpost, crossbar or corner flag and stays on the field.
-When it hits a referee or assistant referee when they are on the field.
Law 10: The Method of Scoring
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball crosses the whole of the goalline between the posts and crossbar, provided there is no infringement such as offside, a foul or handball.
When competition rules require that there must be a winner, the outcome will be decided by either:
– Away goals rule
– Penalty kicks.
Law 11: The Offside
Law 12: Fouls and Misconduct
Law 13: Free Kicks
Law 14 : The Penalty Kick
The referee must confirm the following before the kick is taken:
– the kicker is identified
– the ball is placed properly upon the penalty mark
– the goalkeeper is upon the goal line between the posts and facing the kicker
All other players upon the field are:
– Outside the penalty place – Outside the penalty arc
– Behind the ball.
Laws 15, 16 & 17: Throw Ins, Goal Kicks, and Corner Kicks
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